- birth injury
- inadequate placental blood flow
- abnormal positioning in the uterus
- neck sprain
- vigorous neck movements
- vertebral misalignment causing neural dysfunction
- bony abnormalities
Congenital torticollis is never the fault of the pregnant mother, and there is no way to diagnose it before birth. Prompt care is required to diagnose and treat this condition.
Can you think of other causes for congenital torticollis?